The 2014 farm bill expires on Sept. 30, 2018. What happens if Congress does not pass a new farm bill in time?
Congress can either vote to extend the 2014 farm bill, or they can allow the farm bill to lapse.
In 2013, Congress passed an extension. It was not ideal. Members failed to include any funding for the Rural Microentrepreneur Assistance Program, the Beginning Farmer and Rancher Development Program, and other small but mighty programs in the extension. These programs closed their doors until the 2014 farm bill was passed.